|Thursday, 17 October 2019|
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The Companions of Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) are praised and mentioned in abundance in the Qur'an, and similarly, the greatest of the Companions, Abu Bakr (radiallaahu anhu) receives specific mention with respect to his person, as is agreed upon by the Muslims.
Abu Bakr, the Second of Two In the Cave
Allaah, the Exalted said:
إِلاَّ تَنصُرُوهُ فَقَدْ نَصَرَهُ اللّهُ إِذْ أَخْرَجَهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لاَ تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَنَا فَأَنزَلَ اللّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَيَّدَهُ بِجُنُودٍ لَّمْ تَرَوْهَا وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ السُّفْلَى وَكَلِمَةُ اللّهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا وَاللّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ
If you help him (Muhammad) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they both [Muhammad and Abu Bakr] were in the cave, and he said to his companion [Abu Bakr]: "Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us." Then Allah sent down His calmness upon him, and strengthened him with forces which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise." (At-Tawbah 9:40)
صحيح مسلم - كِتَاب فَضَائِلِ الصَّحَابَةِ - بَاب مِنْ فَضَائِلِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ. بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ كِتَاب فَضَائِلِ الصَّحَابَةِ بَاب مِنْ فَضَائِلِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ
حَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ وَعَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الدَّارِمِيُّ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَخْبَرَنَا وَقَالَ الْآخَرَانِ حَدَّثَنَا حَبَّانُ بْنُ هِلَالٍ حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقَ حَدَّثَهُ قَالَ نَظَرْتُ إِلَى أَقْدَامِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ عَلَى رُءُوسِنَا وَنَحْنُ فِي الْغَارِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَهُمْ نَظَرَ إِلَى قَدَمَيْهِ أَبْصَرَنَا تَحْتَ قَدَمَيْهِ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا ظَنُّكَ بِاثْنَيْنِ اللَّهُ ثَالِثُهُمَا
Sahih Muslim: Virtues of the Companions: Chapter on the Virtues of Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq (radiallaahu anhu)... Narrated Anas bin Malik that Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq narrated to him saying: [When he was with the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) when emigrating from Makkah] I saw the feet of the pagans just above our heads whilst we were in the cave, so I said "O Messenger of Allaah, if one of them was to look at their feet he would see us underneath his feet," so he (the Messenger) said, "What is your thought about two, the third of whom is Allaah?"
All Muslims and their scholars are united that it was Abu Bakr (radiallaahu anhu) who was with the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) in the cave, being pursued by the polytheists, when they left Makkah.
Abu Bakr the Giver of Charity For Allaah's Sake Alone
Allaah, the Exalted said:
وَسَيُجَنَّبُهَا الْأَتْقَى الَّذِي يُؤْتِي مَالَهُ يَتَزَكَّى وَمَالِأَحَدٍ عِندَهُ مِن نِّعْمَةٍ تُجْزَى إِلَّا ابْتِغَاء وَجْهِ رَبِّهِا لْأَعْلَى وَلَسَوْفَ يَرْضَى
And far removed from it (Hell) will be the one who is pious, fearful, who spends his wealth for increase in self-purification, and has in his mind no favour from anyone for which a reward is expected in return, except only the desire to seek the Countenance of his Lord, the Most High; He surely will be pleased (when he will enter Paradise). (Al-Lail 92:17-21)
The Muslim commentators explain that this is in reference to Abu Bakr (radiallaahu anhu) who spent of his wealth manumit six or seven of the Companions such as Bilal bin Umayyah and Aamir bin Fuhayrah, doing that without seeking any recompense or thanks, but only seeking the face of Allaah. Imaam al-Baghawai says in his tafseer that this verse refers to Abu Bakr according to the saying of all authorities, and this is stated also by al-Tabari and Ibn Katheer states that some of the Mufassireen have cited consensus on this matter, and that alongside this there is no doubt that Abu Bakr is intended, even if the verses can also be applied generally (to whoever displays the same qualities and righteous deeds), Ibn Katheer says:
... but he is at the forefront of the Ummah, and the first of them in all of these qualities, and all praiseworthy qualities, for he was extremely truthful (siddeeq), pious (taqiyy), generous (kareem), magnanimous (jawaad), one who would spend of his wealth in obedience to his Master and in support of the Messenger of Allaah, for how many dirhams and dinars did he spend seeking the noble face of his Lord...
All Muslims are united, without dispute that Abu Bakr was the "second of two" and the "companions" referred to in the verse in Surah al-Tawbah, and likewise, as stated by al-Baghawi, they are agreed that in Surah al-Layl, the actions described are those of Abu Bakr, even if the praise mentioned therein also reaches whoever brings those actions thereafter. It is established thereby that the Rafidi Shia are disputants to Allaah, the Mighty and Exalted. And as for the tactical method employed by the Rafidi Shia towards dealing with the Qur'anic verses and Prophetic ahaadeeth clashing with their doctrines, that will be dealt with separately as one needs to understand that thoroughly to see how they are able to confuse the people and disseminate their falsehood.
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