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After the death of Mu'awiyah (radiallaahu anhu) his son Yazid took power and he sent messengers from the seat of power (Shaam) to the various lands requesting that the prominent people there come under his obedience and give him the pledge of allegiance. Whilst the senior amongst the Companions came under his obedience, al-Husayn (and others such as Ibn al-Zubayr) did not do so for their reasons. Promises of the Shia of Kufah. The Shia of Kufah would write to al-Husayn whilst he was in Makkah asking him to come to them to lead them, promising that they would render him obedience. Al-Husayn sent Muslim bin Aqeel to verify the matter in Kufah before embarking on his journey towards it. Pledge of Allegiance. When Muslim bin Aqeel reached Kufah he was given a pledge of allegiance by 18,000 according to some and 40,000 by others (from Shia sources). He was hosted by Haani bin Urwah. Muslim bin Aqeel himself was apprehensive about this whole matter as he knew that these people had proven treacherous in the past (towards Alee bin Abi Taalib and al-Hasan) and are quick to change colour. At the same time al-Nu'maan bin Basheer was already in Kufah having been it's governor on behalf of Mu'aawiyah, and Yazeed had retained him in that position. However, al-Nu'maan, knowing of Muslim's presence did not get involved or cause him any harm, and he did not wish to cause any divisions and hence, let this matter be. Al-Husayn Leaves for Kufah. When this had taken place, Muslim wrote to al-Husayn informing of what had transpired, and that the people of Kufah had united behind him, and that they were now waiting for him, and that 80,000 had given him the pledge of allegiance. al-Husayn then set off for al-Kufah, though he was advised by the senior Companions not to leave, and they include Ibn Abbaas, Ibn Umar, Ibn al-Zubayr, Jaabir bin Abd Allaah, Abu Sa'eed al-Khudree, Abdullaah bin Amr bin al-Aas and also by his brother, Muhammad bin al-Hanafiyyah who warned him of the treachery of the Shia of Kufah towards his father and brother. Even after at the point of setting out on the journey, both Ibn Abbaas and Muhammad bin al-Hanafiyyah pleaded with him not to go. However, it was in the decree of Allaah that he would remain firm upon his decision to leave. So he set out for Kufah. Desertion and Treachery of the Shia. Meanwhile, when Ubayd Allaah bin Ziyaad entered Kufah the Shia who had pledged allegiance to Muslim bin Aqeel abandoned him until Muslim was left literally on his own. Muslim had in fact anticipated and feared this all along as he had known the dealings and history of these people with the Ahl al-Bayt previously. Muslim bin Aqeel, Haani bin Urwah and Abd Allaah bin Yaqtar were deserted by the Shia and were captured and killed by Ubayd Allaah bin Ziyaad. The news of this reached al-Husayn in a letter (sent by Muslim bin Aqeel before being killed) in which it was stated that the Shia had abandoned and deserted them (Muslim bin Aqeel, Haani bin Urwah) and that whoever wished to turn back may turn back without any blame upon him. As a result the people (who had come with al-Husayn) began to depart and take to their own ways and their only remained with him his closest companions and his own household. This is mentioned by the Shia in their works, from them Abbaas al-Qummee, Abd al-Razzaaq al-Mawsawi al-Muqrim, Baaqir Shareef al-Qurashee, Ahmad Raasim al-Nafees, Faadhil Abbaas al-Hayaawee, Shareef al-Jawharee, Asad Haydar, Muhsin al-Husaynee, Abd al-Haadee al-Saalih, Ridhaa al-Qazweenee and others. Arriving at Karbalah. Upon hearing of the desertion and treachery of the Shia in Kufah, al-Husayn stopped proceeding towards Kufah and moved in the diretion of Shaam, coming to Karbalah. In the beginning of Muharram of that year (61H), al-Husayn arrived at Karbalah (Iraq), and the Shia of Kufah, after having deserted him, were stirring things against him. Al-Husayn gathered those with him and his household and delivered a sermon at Karbalah, and within it he reviled the Shia, calling them "taaghoots," "throwers of the Book behind their backs," "criminals," "extinguishers of the Sunan," "killers of the children of the Prophets," "whose bellies are filled with haraam" and so on. And this sermon is documented in the Shia works and its wording is agreed upon and cited by Ali bin Moosaa bin Taawoos, Abd al-Razzaaq al-Muqrim, Faadil Abbaas al-Hayaawee, Haadee al-Najafee, Hasan al-Saffaar, Muhsin al-Ameen, Abbaas al-Qummee and many others. It is here we now arrive at the murder of al-Husayn (radiallaahu anhu) by the criminals. Ambush and Murder. Whilst he was in Karbalah there were discussions between him and Amr bin Sa'd (representing Ubayd Allaah bin Ziyaad) and al-Husayn implored him with one of three things, a) they take him to Yazeed (whom he knew would not kill him) or b) that he simply returns back to the Hijaaz or c) that they take him to one of the border regions of the Muslims where he will remain. But these were not accepted by Ubayd Allaah bin Ziyaad, and this eventually led to the battle at Karbala. Amr bin Sa'd led the contingent from Kufah with Shammar bin Dhil-Jawshan and others (and they were all from the Shia of Kufah) and they surrounded him. Because they were overwhelmed in number and power, al-Husayn and those with him were killed, and the killer of al-Husayn was Shammar bin Dhil-Jawshan, from the Shia of Ali (radiallaahu anhu). Killed along with Husayn were other sons of Ali bin Abi Talib, from them (according to numerous Shia authorities themselves) Abu Bakr bin Ali, Umar bin Ali, Uthman bin Ali, and also Ali's grandsons through al-Hasan, Abu Bakr bin al-Hasan bin Ali and Umar bin al-Hasan bin Ali.
Shia Authorities and Historians on Who Murdered al-Husayn
Shia authorities, historians and writers confirm that it was the Shia of Kufah, after deserting al-Husayn, and acting treacherously even though the pledge of allegiance they had given was still around their necks, came to kill him and take his family captive. The following quotes are all from Shia authorities.
The advice of Muhammad bin al-Hanafiyyah, the brother of al-Husayn, who said to al-Husayn:
O my brother, you already know the treachery of the people of Kufah towards your father and brother. And I fear that your affair will be the same as that of he who has already passed." [al-Malhoof of Ibn Tawoos (p. 39), Aashooraa of al-Ihsaa'ee (p. 115), al-Majaalis al-Faakhirah of Abd al-Husayn (p. 75), Muntahaa al-Aamaal of Abbaas al-Qummee (1/454).]
The saying of al-Husayn about the Shia of Kufah:
O Allaah, judge between us and between a people who requested us to aid us, but who then killed us. [Muntahaa al-Aamaal of Abbaas al-Qummee (1/535)]
The Shia writer, Husayn al-Kawraani writes:
The people of Kufah did not suffice with splitting from al-Imaam al-Husayn, but the result of their changing their colours led to a third position which is that they began to prepare to depart to Karbalah in order to wage war against al-Imaam al-Husayn (alayhis salaam). And in Karbala they would hasten (racing each other) to take up their positions, those which pleased Shaytan and which anger al-Rahmaan (Allaah). For example we find that Amr bin al-Hajjaaj who only yesterday was prominent in Kufah as if he was the guardian of the sanctuary of Ahl al-Bayt, and a defender of them, and the one who led an army to save Haani bin Urwah, went on to stomach (gulped) all of his apparent position(s) in order to accuse al-Imam al-Husayn of exiting from the religion, let us reflect upon the following text: "And Amr bin al-Hajjaaj used to say to his companions, 'Fight the one who exited from the religion and separated from the jamaa'ah (meaning al-Husayn)...'." Fee Rihaab al-Karbalaa (pp. 60-61)
And al-Kawraani also writes:
And we find another stance indicating the hypocrisy of the people of Kufah, Abd Allaah bin Hawzah al-Tameemi came in front of al-Imaam al-Husayn (alayhis salaam) and shouted, "Is Husayn amongst you?" Yet he was from the people of Kufah and only yesterday was he from the Shia (party) of Alee (alayhis salaam) and it is possible that he was from amongst those who wrote to al-Imaam (al-Husayn) or from the group of Shabath and others who wrote (to al-Husayn from Kufah)... then he (comes and says) "O Husayn, receive glad tidings of the Fire..."! [Fee Rihab al-Karbalaa (p. 61)]
And another Shia author, Murtadaa Mutahhiree writes, answering the question he asks himself: How did the people of Kufah embark on fighting al-Husayn (alayhis salaam) despite their love of him and their sentimental attachment to him?:
And the answer is the awe and fear which had taken root upon the people of Kufah in general since the time of Ziyad and Mu'awiyah, and which increased and grew to alarming proportions upon the arrival of Ubayd Allaah [bin Ziyaad] who upon arrival immediately killed Maytham al-Timaar, Rasheed, Muslim and Haani ... [al-Malhamah al-Husayniyyah (3/47-48)]
The Shia, Kaadhim al-Ihsaa'ee al-Najafee says:
The army that set out to wage war against al-Imaam al-Husayin (alayhis salaam) were 300,000 (in number) all of them were from the people of Kufah. There was not amongst them any Shaamee, Hijaazee, Hindee, Baakistaanee, Sudaanee, Misree, or Afreeqee. Rather, all of them were from the people of Kufah and they had gathered together from many diverse tribes. [Aashooraa (p. 89)]
The Shia historian, Husayn bin Ahmad al-Baraaqee al-Najafee said:
Al-Qazweenee said: And from that which for which scorn was shown to the people of Kufah was that they reviled al-Hasan bin Ali (alayhimaa as-salaam), and killed al-Husayn (alayhis salaam) after they themselves had invited him (to be their leader). [Taareekh al-Kufah (p. 113)]
And the Shia reference point, Aayat Allaah al-Udhmaa Muhsin al-Ameen said:
Then 20,000 from the people of Iraq who had given the pledge of allegiance to al-Husayn acted treacherously to him, revolted against him whilst their pledge of allegiance was around their necks, and killed him.
And Jawaad Muhdithee said:
And Imaam al-Hasan was faced by them with treachery, and Muslim bin Aqeel was killed unjustly whilst in their midst and al-Husayn was killed whilst languishing in Karbala, close to Kufah and at the hands of the army of Kufah.
Numerous Shia authorities, from their Shaykhs, quote from Ali bin al-Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Taalib (known as Zayn al-Aabideen) that he addressed the Shia who deserted his father and killed him, reviling them, saying:
O people, we implore you by Allaah, do you know that you wrote to my father and you deceived him and you gave him the pledge, the covenant, and you killed him and deserted him? So may you perish for what you have sent forth for yourselves, and for your evil opinionn. With which eye will you look towards the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam) when he says to you, "You killed my family, and you violated my sanctity, so you are not from me." [Al-Tabarsee in al-Ihtijaaj (2/32), Ibn Taawoos in al-Malhoof (p. 92), al-Ameen in al-Lawaa'ij al-Ashjaann (p. 158), Abbaas al-Qummee in Muntahaa al-Aamaal (1/572), Husayn Kawrani in Fee Rihaab al-Karbalaa (p. 183), Abd al-Razzaaq al-Muqrim in Maqtal Husayn ((p. 317), Murtadaa Iyaad in Maqtal Husayn (p. 87) and Ridhaa al-Qawzeenee in Tadhlim al-Zahraa (p. 262), Abbaas al-Qummee in Nafs al-Mahmoom (p. 360)]
And when Ali bin al-Husayn Zayn al-Aabideen (rahimahullaah) saw the people of Kufah wailing and crying, he rebuked them, saying:
You wail and cry for us, so who are the ones who killed us? [Maqtal Husayn of Murtadaa Iyaad (p. 83), Tadhlim al-Zahraa of al-Qazweenee (p. 257) and al-Malhoof of Ibn Taawoos (p. 86), Nafs al-Mahmoom of Abbaas al-Qummee (p. 357)]
And in another narration that he was passing by them and he was ill and he said in a weak voice:
Are you wailing and crying for us? Who are the ones who killed us? [Abbaas al-Qummee in Muntahaa al-Aamaal (1/570)]
And in another narration that he said:
These people cry over us but who killed us other than them? [Al-Ihtijaaj of al-Tabarsee (2/29)]
And Shia sources quoted Umm Kulthum bint Ali (radiallaahu anhumaa) as saying:
O people of Kufah, disgrace upon you. What is with you that you deserted Husayn and killed him and you plundered his wealth and inherited it, and you took his women as captives, and you caused him distress. May you perish and may you be annihilated ... what burden have you carried upon your backs and which blood have you shed ... you killed the best of men after the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa aalihi) and mercy has been snatched from your hearts. [Nafs al-Mahmoom (p. 262), Maqtal Husayn of al-Muqrim (p. 316), Lawaa'ij al-Ashjaan (p. 157) and others.]
And the Shia, Asad Haydar quotes from Zaynab bint Ali bin Abi Taalib (radiallaahu anhumaa), which is also mentioned by al-Tabarsee in al-Ihtijaaj (2/29-30):
أما بعد يا أهل الكوفة، يا أهل الختل والغدر والخذل .. إنما مثلكم كمثل التي نقضت غزلها من بعد قوة أنكاثاً، هل فيكم إلا الصلف والعجب والشنف والكذب .. أتبكون أخي؟! أجل والله فابكوا كثيراً واضحكوا قليلاً فقد ابليتم بعارها .. وانى ترخصون قتل سليل خاتم النبوة
To proceed, O people of Kufah, O people of deception, treachery and desertion ... your example is like she who spins (yarn) only to break it after its strength. Is there anything in you but bragging, amazement, rank hatred and lying ... do you cry for my brother?! Yes, by Allaah, cry much and laugh little, for you have been put to trial through its infamy ... and how do you consider cheap the killing of the descendant of the Seal of the Prophethood. [Ma'al-Husayn Fee Nahdatihi (p. 295)]
Muhsin al-Ameen al-Husaynee al-Aaamilee says in his book "Fee Rihaab A'immah Ahl al-Bayt" (1/9):
Zahar bin Qays, he participated in the [battles] of al-Jamal and Siffeen with Ali (alayhis salaam), and Shabath bin Rub'ee and Shammar bin Dhil-Jawshan al-Diyaabee also witnessed [the battle] of Siffeen with him. Then they waged war against al-Husayn (alayhis salaam) on the day of Karbalaa, so it was an evil end (soo' al-khaatimah) for them and we seek refuge in Allaah from the evil end.
And in the book al-Irshaad of the well-known and famous Shia scholar, al-Shaykh al-Mufeed (2/95-96 onwards) mentions those who set out to fight and kill Husayn:
وأصبح عمر بن سعد في ذلك اليوم وهو يوم الجمعة وقيل يوم السبت، فعبأ أصحابه وخرج فيمن معه من الناس نحو الحسين عليه السلام وكان على ميمنته عمرو بن الحجاج، وعلى ميسرته شمر بن ذي الجوشن، وعلى الخيل عروة بن قيس، وعلى الرجالة شبث بن ربعي، وأعطى الراية دريدا مولاه
And Umar bin Sa'd arose that morning, and it was the day of Jumu'ah (Friday), and it is said it was Saturday and he mobilized his companions, and then set out with those people who were with him towards the direction of al-Husayn (alayhis salaam), and on his right was Amr bin al-Haaj, and on his left was Shammar bin Dhil-Jawshan, and in charge of the horsemen was Urwah bin Qays and in charge of the infantry was Shabath bin Rub'ee and he gave the flag to Durayd, his mawlaa.
Then over the next twenty or so pages he gives an account of the fighting, culminating in the killing of al-Husayn (radiallaahu anhu) by Shammar bin Dhil-Jawshan.
The sayings of Ahl al-Bayt to the Shia of Kufah, "You wail and cry over us, yet you are the ones who killed us" exposes the fraud, scam and sham that underlies the deen of the Shia which is based upon a ridiculous type of hatred and it is a sign of the lack of intelligence and of simple-mindedness (or otherwise a sign of the deranged maniac-like nature) of those who knowing full well that their own Shia ancestry killed al-Husayn (radiallaahu anhu), harbour the greatest of resentment and hatred towards those who do not share in their simpleton type understanding of history and do not share in their bloodthirsty type of rage, based upon a fake display of anger for the blood of al-Husayn, for they (their Shia ancestors) are the very people who killed al-Husayn after deserting him and being treacherous to him. Then this fake wailing, lamenting and crying became one of the bidahs of the Shia to this day of ours. Refer to the book "Man Qatala al-Husayn" by Abd Allaah bin Abd al-Azeez (Cairo) for further information.
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