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The Ahl Al-Bayt Were Harmed, Grieved and Also Killed by the Shia of Al-Kufah
Posted by Abu.Iyaad, Editor in General

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Some Necessary Historical Background

Before we start citing from what is in the books of the Shia it is vital that we explain a bit of history here. Inshaa'Allaah we will cover this in a separate article in more detail, but here we need to give at least some background so that the content of this article is much better appreciated and so that it can be put into context and grasped in the right way. So we say (very briefly, summarizing from what is found in the history books):

Abdullah bin Saba' al-Yahoodi (see here for his mention in Shia authoritative works) and his followers the Sab'iyyah initiated the revolution against Uthmaan (radiallaahu anhu), raising the banner of "social justice", mobilizing people around it, and this lead to the siege in al-Madinah and the eventual killing of Uthmaan (radiallaahu anhu) by the dregs of society he had been mobilizing over the previous year, working in secrecy in all of that. Large contingents of these people converged in al-Madinah in a co-ordinated way from Egypt, Kufah, Basrah. Following the seige and murder of Uthmaan (radiallaahu anhu), Ali (radiallahu anhu) was given the pledge of allegiance, and some of the Companions wanted the perpetrators to be sought out and brought to justice. However, since the revolutionaries in Madinah (numbering around 2000 who had come from Iraq and Egypt) were too large in number for Ali to do anything, he considered it unwise to pursue this matter as it may result in further bloodshed and turmoil, seeing that they were in an inferior position. Ali's intent was to stabilize the situation first and unify the leadership and thereafter pursue justice for Uthmaan (radiallaahu anhu). At the same time, the perpetrators had mingled amongst the people in Madinah as a means of concealing themselves, because they knew the Companions were going to embark on seeking them out as soon as matters settled. Talha and Zubayr (radiallahu anhumaa) were from those wanting revenge for Uthmaan (radiallaahu anhu), likewise Aaishah (radiallaahu anhaa) who was in Makkah. Talhah and Zubayr differed with Ali on this matter and were somewhat discontent that immediate retribution was not sought for Uthmaan. Later they sought permission to go to Umrah and here they met with Aa'ishah. After discussion, they decided to leave for Basrah to bring about reconciliation in light of the discord that had arisen and to enlist support to seek out those behind the murder. When Ali heard of this, he travelled with a large contingent in order to meet up with Talhah, Zubayr and Aa'ishah, and his intent was to come to an understanding between himself and the other party on this matter, to bring all under his obedience, and decide how to proceed in dealing with the perpetrators. The companion Ammaar bin Yaasir (radiallaahu anhu) was given responsibility in getting this contingent together and it was here he made his famous remark, as is recorded by al-Bukhari and others, "She (Aa'ishah) is his (the Prophet's) wife in this life and the hereafter, however, Allaah has put you to trial to see if it is Him you obey or her." The Sab'iyyah, realising that the heat was on for them concealed themselves amongst the contingent of Ali. When they saw that the these two groups of Companions were coming together in Basrah and were to gain some understanding and to make a sulh (rectification and understanding with each other) to unify the word of the Muslims, and this would lead to them being apprehended sooner or later, they split into two when in Basrah and some slipped into the camp of Talhah, Zubayr and Aa'ishah, and the others remained with Ali. The intent was to stir up matters and cause more turmoil, and so in the camp of Talhah and Zubayr the Sab'iyyah stirred up the issue of revenge for Uthmaan and in the camp of Ali, they initiated an attack upon Talhah and Zubayr. In the heat of those moments of confusion, each party thought they were being wrongly attacked by the other and they thought they were simply defending themselves from the agression of the other party. The historians like al-Tabari and others mention that this fighting was instigated by these mischief-makers in order to prevent the sulh (conciliation) between the Companions. Having managed to escape from being brought to justice by kindling this tribulation, the Sab'iyyah continued in their evil plots, and there were from them, those who became leaders of the Khawaarij, from them Zayd bin al-Husayn al-Taa'ee (who was involved with the faction that killed Uthmaan), and likewise Shurayh bin Awfee al-Abasi, a companion of Abdullah bin Saba' who travelled with him to al-Madinah to lay siege to Uthmaan.

From this it is clear that the Sab'iyyah, being a faction aimed at destroying Islam and its adherents and the Shia sect which emerged as a result of their movement, caused nothing but problems for Ali (radiallahu anhu) and the Ahl al-Bayt, and they are the ones (the Shia of Kufah) who later attempted to kill al-Hasan and they engineered the murder of al-Husayn years later when they deceived him into leaving for Kufah with the promise of support and allegiance, but then deserted him - the faction that killed him were from the Shia - and this is acknowledged in the books of the Shia (see quotes below), his killer was Shammar bin Dhil-Jawshan al-Daabeee, who was, along with his accomplices, from the Shia (faction) of Ali (in the battles of al-Jamal and al-Siffeen), and he came from al-Kufah. Thereafter, the Ahl al-Bayt continued to face problems from these Shia and there is found in the books of the Shia much evidence of the Ahl al-Bayt reviling them and making du'a against them because of their evil, their treachery, and their claim of being the "party (shia)" of the Ahl al-Bayt when the reality was otherwise. One should keep in mind that Abdullah bin Saba' (who was alive after the death of Ali) and the Sab'iyyah were spreading their doctrines of exaggeration about the Ahl al-Bayt. The Ahl al-Bayt freed themselves from these people in their time. Shi'ism grew from this background and context into what it is today and as time passed more and more heresy entered into it and they fabricated oceans of lies (against the Ahl al-Bayt) which they put into their books, and this then became an established and well-defined school of doctrine for them. Further, Shi'ism became the vehicle for every enemy to pretend ascription to Islam in order to spread his poison of misguidance and disbelief and this was the case with the Baatiniyyah who emerged a couple of centuries later with their call, even if their doctrinal origins can be traced much earlier to followers of the Sab'iyyah themselves. In short, Shi'ism is but a fable founded upon the alleged love for the Ahl al-Bayt despite the fact that the Ahl al-Bayt despised the Shia in their time and were grieved and troubled by them. This brings us to the chapter on this issue, namely the Ahl al-Bayt reviling the Shia and freeing themselves from them and having little to do with them.

On the Reality of the Ascription of the Shia to Ahl al-Bayt

That which is prominent with the Shia is their claim of exclusivity with the Ahl al-Bayt. The entire Shia madhhab is founded upon love of the Ahl al-Bayt and disavowal of the Companions, at the head of them the three caliphs and Aa'isha bin Abi Bakr. And this is rooted in the minds of all of the Shia, their old and young, their scholar and their ignorant, their male and female, and they believe that the Companions wronged Ahl al-Bayt, spilt their blood and made the (violation of their) sanctities permissible and that Ahl al-Sunnah specified enmity towards Ahl al-Bayt. However, their books tell a different story. They mention the grievance, complaint of the Ahl al-Bayt (salawaat Allaah alayhim) against their Shia (faction, party), and they mention what the first Shia did to the Ahl al-Bayt, and they mention who spilt the blood of Ahl al-Bayt (alayhim as-salaam) and who caused their murder and permitting (the violation) of their sanctities. Here we will bring some citations from their works that make the affair clear.

Amir al-Mu'mineen Ali and the Shia

The saying of Ali (radiallaahu anhu) from al-Kaafee (8/338):

قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام: لو ميزت شيعتي لما وجدتـهم إلا واصفة، ولو امتحنتهم لما وجدتـهم إلا مرتدين، ولو تمحصتهم لما خلص من الألف واحد

Amir al-Mu'mineen (alayhis salaam) said: If I was to distinguish my Shia (those claiming to be of Ali's "party") I would not have found them except as Waasifah (intent unclear), and if I was to examine them, I would not find them except as apostates, and if I was to purify them, not even one in a thousand would be purified. (al-Kaafee,al-Rawdah 8/338).

Also the saying of Ali (radiallaahu anhu) from Nahj al-Balaaghah (pp. 70-71):

يا أشباه الرجال ولا رجال، حلوم الأطفال وعقول ربات الحجال، لوددت أني لم أركم ولم أعرفكم معرفة جرت والله ندماً وأعقبت صدماً.. قاتلكم الله لقد ملأتم قلبي قيحاً، وشحنتم صدري غيظاً، وجرعتموني نغب التهام أنفاساً، وأفسدتم علي رأيي بالعصيان والخذلان، حتى لقد قالت قريش: إن ابن أبي طالب رجل شجاع ولكن لا علم له بالحرب، ولكن لا رأي لمن لا يطاع

O [you] who resemble men but are not men, [having] the discernment of children and the minds of ladies. I love that had not seen you and not known you, an acquaintance that has brought about, by Allaah, remorse and shock. May Allaah fight you, for you have filled my heart with purulence, and you have loaded my heart with rage, and you have made me to swallow air convulsively. By your disobedience and abandonment (of me) you have corrupted the view of me, until the Quraysh have stated, "Ibn Abi Taalib is a brave man but he has not knowledge of war, and there is no (room for the) opinion of the one who is not given obedience.

And then again from Ali (radiallahu anhu), also from Nahj al-Balaaghah (p. 142):

وقال لهم موبخاً: منيت بكم بثلاث، واثنتين: صم ذوو أسماع، وبكم ذوو كلام، وعمي ذوو أبصار، لا أحرار صدق عند اللقاء، ولا إخوان ثقة عند البلاء

And he also said to them, in rebuke: I have been afflicted with three and two. [By] the deaf who have hearing, the dumb who have speech, and the blind who have eyes. Neither purely truthful in meeting and nor trustworthy brethren in calamity.

Al-Husayn and the Shia

From al-Husayn, through their figurehead, al-Shaykh al-Mufeed from his book al-Irshaad (p. 241):

وقال الإمام الحسين عليه السلام في دعائه على شيعته: اللهم إن متعتهم إلى حين ففرقهم فرقاً، واجعلهم طرائق قدداً، ولا ترض الولاة عنهم أبداً، فإنـهم دعونا لينصرونا ثم عدوا علينا فقتلونا

And Imaam al-Husayn (alayhis salam) said in his supplication against the Shia: O Allaah if you make them to enjoy for a while, then split them with a splitting, and make them of divergent paths (amongst themselves), and do not make their rulers happy over them ever, for verily they invited us to support us, but then they showed enmity towards us and killed us.

And al-Husayn's other supplication against the Shia (al-Ihtijaaj 2/24):

وقد خاطبهم مرة أخرى ودعا عليهم، فكان مما قال: لكنكم استسرعتم إلى بيعتنا كطيرة الدبا، وتـهافتم كتهافت الفراش، ثم نقضتموها سفهاً وبعداً وسحقاً لطواغيت هذه الأمة وبقية الأحزاب ونبذة الكتاب، ثم انتم هؤلاء تتخاذلون عنا وتقتلوننا، ألا لعنة الله على الظالمين

And he addressed them another time and supplicated against them and from what he said was: But you hasten to pledge allegiance to us like birds, and you flock together like the flocking of moths, then you annul it. May foolishness, remoteness and destruction be for the taaghoots of this Ummah, the remnants of the factions and the throwers of the Book (behind their backs). Then you fail us and fight against us, may the curse of Allaah be upon the oppressors.

Then he says:

وهذه النصوص تبين لنا من هم قتلة الحسين الحقيقيون، إنـهم شيعته أهل الكوفة، أي أجدادنا، فلماذا نحمل أهل السنة مسؤولية مقتل الحسين عليه السلام؟!

And these texts make clear to us who are the killers of al-Husayn in reality, they are his Shia, the people of Kufah, menaing our (very own) ancestors. So why do you make Ahl al-Sunnah bear the responsibility of the killing of al-Husayn (alayhis salaam).

And al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Ameen said in his book A'yaan al-Shia (1st section, p. 34)

ولهذا قال السيد محسن الأمين: بايع الحسين من أهل العراق عشرون ألفاً، غدروا به وخرجوا عليه وبيعته في أعناقهم، وقتلوه

And for this reason al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Ameen said: Twenty-thousand from the people of Iraq pledged allegiance to al-Husayn, then they were treacherousto him and revolted against him whilst their pledge was still upon their necks, and they killed him.

Al-Hasan and the Shia

Then the statement of al-Hasan bin Ali (radiallaahu anhu) about the Shia (from the work al-Ihtijaaj 2/10):

أرى والله معاوية خيراً لي من هؤلاء يزعمون أنـهم لي شيعة، ابتغوا قتلي وأخذوا مالي، والله لأن آخذ من معاوية ما أحقن به من دمي وآمن به في أهلي خير من أن يقتلوني فيضيع أهل بيتي، والله لو قاتلت معاوية لأخذوا بعنقي حتى يدفعوا بي إليه سلماً، ووالله لأن أسالمه وأنا عزيز خير من أن يقتلني وأنا أسير

By Allaah, I consider that Mu'awiyah is better for me than those woh claim they are a party (shia) to me. They desired to kill me, and they took my wealth. By Allaah that I take from Mu'awiyah that by which I can spare my blood and be assured with respect to my family is better for me than that they should kill me and cause my family to waste. By Allaah (even) if I fought Mu'awiyah they would have taken me by my neck until they brought me to him in peace, and by Allaah that I make peace with him whilst I am strong and cherished is better than them killing me whilst I am captive.

Ali bin al-Husayn (Zayn al-Aabideen)

Then the saying of Ali bin al-Husayn who is addressing the people of Kufah (who are the Shia), quoting from al-Ihtijaaj (2/32):

هل تعلمون أنكم كتبتم إلى أبي وخدعتموه وأعطيتموه من أنفسكم العهد والميثاق ثم قاتلتموه وخذلتموه .. بأي عين تنظرون إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وهو يقول لكم: قاتلتم عترتي وانتهكتم حرمتي فلستم من أمتي

Do you know that you wrote to my father and you deceived him and give yourselves to him in a pledge and covenant, then you fought him and abandoned him ... with which eye will you look towards the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa aalihi) whilst he says to you: You killed my family, and you violated my sanctity so you are not from me.

And also his saying (al-Ihtijaaj 2/29):

إن هؤلاء يبكون علينا فمن قتلنا غيرهم؟

Those people cry over us but who fought (and killed) us but them?

Muhammad bin Ali bin al-Husayn (al-Baaqir)

Then the saying of Muhammad bin Ali his saying, as occurs in Rijaal al-Kashi (p. 79):

لو كان الناس كلهم لنا شيعة لكان ثلاثة أرباعهم بنا شكاكاً والربع الآخر أحمق

If all of the people were party (shia) to us, three-quarters of them would doubt us and the fourth quarter would be fools.

Fatima al-Sughraa and Zaynab bint Ali

Then the saying of Fatimah bint al-Husayn bin Ali, in her khutbah to the people of Kufah, as occurs in al-Ihtijaaj (2/28):

يا أهل الكوفة، يا أهل الغدر والمكر والخيلاء، إنا أهل البيت ابتلانا الله بكم، وابتلاكم بنا فجعل بلاءنا حسناً .. فكفرتمونا وكذبتمونا ورأيتم قتالنا حلالاً وأموالنا نـهباً .. كما قتلتم جدنا بالأمس، وسيوفكم تقطر من دمائنا أهل البيت .. تباً لكم فانتظروا اللعنة والعذاب فكأن قد حل بكم .. ويذيق بعضكم بأس ما تخلدون في العذاب الأليم يوم القيامة بما ظلمتمونا، ألا لعنة الله على الظالمين. تباً لكم يأهل الكوفة، كم قرأت لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قبلكم، ثم غدرتم بأخيه علي بن أبي طالب وجدي، وبنيه وعترته الطيبين.

فرد علينا أحد أهل الكوفة مفتخراً فقال:

نحن قتلنا علياً وبني علي بسيوف هندية ورماحِ
وسبينا نساءهم سبي تركٍ ونطحناهمُ فأيُّ نطاحِ

O people of Kufah, O people of treachery, conniving, and plotting. Allaah has tested us, the Ahl al-Bayt, through you, and he has put you to trial with us, and He made out trial to be good... but you disbelieved and rejected us, and you considered fighting us to be lawful and our wealth to be pillage (loot) ... just as you killed our grandfather only yesterday your swords dribble with our blood, the Ahl al-Bayt... may you perish, so await the curse and punishment for it is as if it has befallen you already ... and may you taste the harm of the painful torment of the Day of Judgement for your oppression against us. May the curse of Allaah be upon the oppressors. May you perish O people of Kufah. How much have I read of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa aalihi) before you, then you were treacherous to his brother Ali bin Abi Taalib, my grandfather and to his Prophet and his good family.

Then one of the people of Kufah replied back to us, boasting and saying (in poetic verse):

We killed Alee and the offspring of Alee with Indian swords and spears. And we took their women captive like those of the Turks, and we pushed them with such pushing.

And then the saying of Zaynab bint Ali bin Abi Talib, rebuking the people of Kufah (al-Ihtijaaj 2/29-30):

أما بعد يا أهل الكوفة، يا أهل الختل والغدر والخذل .. إنما مثلكم كمثل التي نقضت غزلها من بعد قوة أنكاثاً، هل فيكم إلا الصلف والعجب والشنف والكذب .. أتبكون أخي؟! أجل والله فابكوا كثيراً واضحكوا قليلاً فقد ابليتم بعارها .. وانى ترخصون قتل سليل خاتم النبوة

To proceed, O people of Kufah, O people of deception, treachery and desertion ... your example is like she who spins (yarn) only to break it after its strength. Is there anything in you but bragging, amazement, rank hatred and lying ... do you cry for my brother?! Yes, by Allaah, cry much and laugh little, for you have been put to trial through its infamy ... and how do you consider cheap the killing of the descendant of the Seal of the Prophethood.

Comments on The Above

The following summary notes are made on the above:

That Amir al-Mu'mineen and his offspring suffered and were worn down by their Shia (those claiming loyalty to them), the people of Kufah, due to their treachery, plotting and desertion of them. The desertion of the people of Kufah and their treachery which led to the spilling of the blood of Ahl al-Bayt and permitting the violation of their sanctities. That the Ahl al-Bayt (alayhim as-salaam) place the responsibility of the murder of al-Husayn (alayhis salaam) and whoever was with him upon their Shia. And one of them admitted this in his response to Faatimah al-Sughraa in that they were the ones who killed Alee and his offspring (meaning al-Husayn and his children), and they took their women as captives, as we have already mentioned in what has preceded. That the Ahl al-Bayt (alayhim as-salaam) invoked against their Shia and described them as "taaghoots of this ummah, the remnants of the factions and the throwers of the Book (behind their backs)" and they added to this with their saying, "May the curse of Allaah be upon the wrongdoers." For this reason they came to Abu Abd Allaah [Ja'far al-Saadiq] (alayhis salaam) and said to him, "We have been derided with a label which is heavy on our backs, and our hearts have died for it, and the rulers have made our blood permissible on account of it in a hadeeth that their jurists narrated to them." So Abu Abd Allaah (alayhis salaam) said to them "You mean (the label) al-Raafidah?" They said, "Yes." He said, "No by Allaah, they did not label you with this, but Allaah labelled you with it" (al-Kaafee 5/34). So Abu Abd Allaah explained that Allaah labelled them "Raafidah" and it was not Ahl al-Sunnah.

The picture that emerges clearly from history as it is in the Shia books is that the greatest of pests to Ahl al-Bayt were the Shia themselves and in particular those of Kufah. And this is not surprising because as we have already learned that the Sabi'iyyah, led by Abdullah bin Saba' al-Yahood (confirmed founder of the major doctrines of what became "Shi'ism" is acknowledged in the Shia books - see here), their aim was to create turmoil, disarray and corruption in beliefs and unity of the Muslims and the alleged "love" of Ahl al-Bayt and hatred of the Companions was simply a mechanism to achieve that aim. Hence, when they had achieved what they had achieved with Uthmaan (radiallaahu anhu) and then later with Ali (radiallaahu anhu), they never ceased to harm the Ahl al-Bayt who are the offspring of the Prophet who received the revelation. And whilst the early Shia (who sided with Ali) may have been free of the more extreme views in the doctrines of Abdullah bin Saba' (such as transmigration of the souls and divinity of Ali) and there is found speech against him, Abdullah bin Saba' (in the early Shia books), Shi'ism grew and developed out of his ideas and it later incorporated some of those very extreme doctrines. Then the Shia of later centuries fabricted much against the Ahl al-Bayt and brought their own hadeeth collections and tafseers and made Shi'ism into a well-developed school which has been followed to this day. And as we shall see in later articles, their aim, in every time and place, is to destroy Ahl al-Sunnah, and historically, they have always played the vehicle through which all the enemies of Islam are able to harm its people.

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