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The Virtues of Aa'ishah Al-Siddiqah, Daughter of Abu Bakr: Part 2
Posted by Abu.Iyaad, Editor in Wives of the Prophet

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She is Aa'ishah, the daughter of Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) (see his lineage in this article) through Umm Roomaan bint Aamir bin Uwaymir bin Abd Shams bin Itaab bin Udhaynah bin Subay' bin Dahmaan bin al-Haarith bin al-Ghanam bin Maalik al-Kinaaniyyah, and she was born after the messengership by around four years or so.

The Virtues of Aa'ishah: Part 1

The Hadeeth of Aa'ishah

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَبُو سَلَمَةَ إِنَّ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَوْمًا يَا عَائِشَ هَذَا جِبْرِيلُ يُقْرِئُكِ السَّلَامَ فَقُلْتُ وَعَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ تَرَى مَا لَا أَرَى تُرِيدُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

Al-Bukhari narrates in Kitab Fadaa'il al-Sahaabah in "Chapter: The Excellence of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" from Aa'ishah (radiallaahu anhaa) who said, "The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said one day, 'O Aa'ish, this is Jibreel he is giving salutations to you' so I said, 'Wa alayhis salaam wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuhu, you (O Prophet) see that which I do not', she meant the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) [seeing Jibreel]." (no. 3557).

The Hadeeth of Abu Musa al-Ash'ari

حَدَّثَنَا آدَمُ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ قَالَ وَحَدَّثَنَا عَمْرٌو أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ عَنْ مُرَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى الْأَشْعَرِيِّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَمَلَ مِنْ الرِّجَالِ كَثِيرٌ وَلَمْ يَكْمُلْ مِنْ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا مَرْيَمُ بِنْتُ عِمْرَانَ وَآسِيَةُ امْرَأَةُ فِرْعَوْنَ وَفَضْلُ عَائِشَةَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ كَفَضْلِ الثَّرِيدِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الطَّعَامِ

Al-Bukhari narrates in Kitab Fadaa'il al-Sahaabah in "Chapter: The Excellence of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" from Abu Musa al-Ash'ari (radiallaahu anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, "Many men have reached perfection but none reached perfection from the women except Maryam bint Imraan (mother of Eesaa), Aasiyah, the wife of Fir'awn, and the excellence of Aa'ishah over all the women is like the excellence of al-Thareed (a type of food, bread with vegetable or meat broth) over all other foods." (no. 3558). The last part of hadeeth is also reported from Anas bin Malik (no. 3559).

The Hadeeth of al-Qaasim bin Muhammad

حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمَجِيدِ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عَوْنٍ عَنْ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ اشْتَكَتْ فَجَاءَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فَقَالَ يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ تَقْدَمِينَ عَلَى فَرَطِ صِدْقٍ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَعَلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ

Al-Bukhari narrates in Kitab Fadaa'il al-Sahaabah in "Chapter: The Excellence of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" From al-Qaasim bin Muhammad that Aa'ishah fell ill and Ibn 'Abbaas came and said, "O Mother of the Believers you are proceeding on to the truthful forerunners, to the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and Abu Bakr."

This is an evidence that Aa'ishah (radiallaahu anhu) was guaranteed Paradise, as explained Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani, since Ibn 'Abbaas would not say this unless it came through al-Tawqif (revelation).

The Hadeeth of Shu'bah bin al-Hakam

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا غُنْدَرٌ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ الْحَكَمِ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا وَائِلٍ قَالَ لَمَّا بَعَثَ عَلِيٌّ عَمَّارًا وَالْحَسَنَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ لِيَسْتَنْفِرَهُمْ خَطَبَ عَمَّارٌ فَقَالَ إِنِّي لَأَعْلَمُ أَنَّهَا زَوْجَتُهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ ابْتَلَاكُمْ لِتَتَّبِعُوهُ أَوْ إِيَّاهَا

Al-Bukhari narrates in Kitab Fadaa'il al-Sahaabah in "Chapter: The Excellence of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" From Abu Waa'il who said: When Ali dispatched Ammaar (bin Yaasir) and al-Hasan to al-Kufah in order to prepare them (for situation of battle), Ammaar gave a sermon and said, "Verily I know that she (Aa'ishah) is his (the Prophet's) wife in this life and the hereafter, but Allaah has put you to trial to see if you would follow Him (Allaah's law) or her."

This is in the context of the events prior to the Battle of al-Jamal, when Aa'ishah, Talhah and Zubair set out for al-Basrah for two reasons, two bring about reconciliation between the people and to ensure the law of al-Qisaas (retribution) is implemented upon the murderers of Uthmaan (radiallaahu anhu). And as for Ali (radiallaahi anhu) his intent was to unite everybody and bring them all under his obedience as a means of rectification and from there to pursue the murderers of Uthmaan. However, the Sab'iyyah who concealed themselves in the army of Ali (radiallaahu anhu) caused fighting to break out, and each of the two parties thought they were merely defending themselves. Refer to more elaboration of this in the beginning of this article.

The Hadeeth of Aa'ishah and the Ruling of Tayammum

حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ عَنْ هِشَامٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّهَا اسْتَعَارَتْ مِنْ أَسْمَاءَ قِلَادَةً فَهَلَكَتْ فَأَرْسَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ نَاسًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ فِي طَلَبِهَا فَأَدْرَكَتْهُمْ الصَّلَاةُ فَصَلَّوْا بِغَيْرِ وُضُوءٍ فَلَمَّا أَتَوْا النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ شَكَوْا ذَلِكَ إِلَيْهِ فَنَزَلَتْ آيَةُ التَّيَمُّمِ فَقَالَ أُسَيْدُ بْنُ حُضَيْرٍ جَزَاكِ اللَّهُ خَيْرًا فَوَاللَّهِ مَا نَزَلَ بِكِ أَمْرٌ قَطُّ إِلَّا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكِ مِنْهُ مَخْرَجًا وَجَعَلَ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ فِيهِ بَرَكَةً

Al-Bukhari narrates in Kitab Fadaa'il al-Sahaabah in "Chapter: The Excellence of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" From Aa'ishah (radiallaahu anhaa) who said that she borrowed a necklace from Asmaa' and it was lost. So Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) sent some of his companions to look for it. During their journey the time of prayer was due and they prayed without ablution. When they returned to the Prophet they complained about it. So the verse of al-Tayammum (dry ablution) was revealed. Usayd bin Hudayr said (to Aa'ishah), "May Allah reward you handsomely. By Allah, whenever an affair has befallen you, Allah took you out of it and made within it a blessing for the Muslims."

Summary

Aa'ishah (radiallaahu anhaa):

  • Was given salaam (salutations) by Jibreel (alayhis salaam).
  • Has an excellence over all other women.
  • Was given a guarantee of Paradise through the statement of numerous companions (Ibn Abbaas, Ammaar bin Yaasir)
  • Brought benefit to the Muslims in their religion due to revelation and guidance being revealed on account of her.


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