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The Virtues of Aa'ishah Al-Siddiqah, Daughter of Abu Bakr: Part 1
Posted by Abu.Iyaad, Editor in Wives of the Prophet

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She is Aa'ishah, the daughter of Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) (see his lineage in this article) through Umm Roomaan bint Aamir bin Uwaymir bin Abd Shams bin Itaab bin Udhaynah bin Subay' bin Dahmaan bin al-Haarith bin al-Ghanam bin Maalik al-Kinaaniyyah, and she was born after the messengership by around four years or so.

The Virtues of Aa'ishah: Part 1

That which is transmitted by tawaatur (large-scale transmission) in meaning from many different routes is that Aa'ishah (radiallaahu anhaa) is the wife of the Prophet (alayhis salaam) in this life and the next, that she is amongst the most learned of the Ummah and the most beloved of the Ummah to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallaam). And these are some of the texts which establish this:

The Hadeeth of Abu Moosaa

حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ حَدَّثَنَا زِيَادُ بْنُ الرَّبِيعِ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ الْمَخْزُومِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى قَالَ مَا أَشْكَلَ عَلَيْنَا أَصْحَابَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَدِيثٌ قَطُّ فَسَأَلْنَا عَائِشَةَ إِلَّا وَجَدْنَا عِنْدَهَا مِنْهُ عِلْمًا

Al-Tirmidhi narrates in Kitab al-Manaaqib in "Chapter: The Virtues of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" from Abu Moosaa who said, "Never did any hadeeth become difficult for us, the companions of Allaah's Messenger, and we asked Aa'ishah except that we found she had knowledge regarding it." Saheeh (Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 3883).

The Hadeeth of Moosa bin Talhah

حَدَّثَنَا الْقَاسِمُ بْنُ دِينَارٍ الْكُوفِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو عَنْ زَائِدَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ طَلْحَةَ قَالَ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَحَدًا أَفْصَحَ مِنْ عَائِشَةَ

Al-Tirmidhi narrates in Kitab al-Manaaqib in "Chapter: The Virtues of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" from Moosaa bin Talhah, who said, "I have not seen anyone more eloquent (afsah) than Aa'ishah." Saheeh (Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 3884).

The Hadeeth of Amr bin al-Aas and Anas bin Malik

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ وَاللَّفْظُ لِابْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَا حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ حَمَّادٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ الْمُخْتَارِ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ الْحَذَّاءُ عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ النَّهْدِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ اسْتَعْمَلَهُ عَلَى جَيْشِ ذَاتِ السُّلَاسِلِ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَيُّ النَّاسِ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ عَائِشَةُ قُلْتُ مِنْ الرِّجَالِ قَالَ أَبُوهَا

Al-Tirmidhi narrates in Kitab al-Manaaqib in "Chapter: The Virtues of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" through a number of different isnaads from Amr bin al-Aas who said he came to the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and said, "O Messenger of Allaah! Which of the people is most beloved to you?" He said, "Aa'ishah." I said, "And from the men?" He said, "Her father." Saheeh (Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 3885). This hadeeth is also reported from Anas bin Malik (no. 3890) and it is Saheeh.

The Hadeeth of Anas bin Malik

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ مَعْمَرٍ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ عَنْ أَنَسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ فَضْلُ عَائِشَةَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ كَفَضْلِ الثَّرِيدِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الطَّعَامِ

Al-Tirmidhi narrates in Kitab al-Manaaqib in "Chapter: The Virtues of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" from Anas bin Malik who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, "The excellence of Aa'ishah over all women is like the excellence of al-Thareed (pieces of bread in vegetable or meat broth) over all other foods." This hadeeth is Saheeh (Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 3888).

The Hadeeth of Ammaar bin Yaasir

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ عَنْ أَبِي حُصَيْنٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ الْأَسَدِيِّ قَال سَمِعْتُ عَمَّارَ بْنَ يَاسِرٍ يَقُولُ هِيَ زَوْجَتُهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ يَعْنِي عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا

Al-Tirmidhi narrates in Kitab al-Manaaqib in "Chapter: The Virtues of Aa'isah (may Allaah be pleased with her)" from Abdullah bin Ziyaad al-Asadee who said: I heard Ammaar bin Yaasir saying, "She is his wife in this life and the hereafter - meaning Aa'ishah (radiallaahu anha)." This hadeeth is Saheeh (Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 3889).

Summary

Aa'ishah (radiallaahu anhaa):

  • Was a scholar of Islam and of the hadeeth and she was a reference point for knowledge and fiqh.
  • Was most eloquent in her speech and expression.
  • Was the most beloved to the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) along with her father, Abu Bakr (radiallaahu anhu).
  • Has an excellence over all other women.
  • Was the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) in this life and will be in the next.


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